
Volume and head pressure  
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Posted by: GJensen ^{®} 08/22/2006, 08:51:34 Author Profile eMail author Edit 
Good Morning,
I am attempting to calculate what volume and height of water is required to provide a minimum .4 gallons per minute pressure for at least 15 minutes to two nozzles. There is no auxillary pump. The only available pressure is that which is created by the volume of water above the nozzles. The total area of water release in the nozzles is approximately 0.044 sq. in.(very small). Pressure would obviously start higher and gradually decline as water is depleted from storage vessel. What is the approximate volume and height required to maintain the .4gpm for the full 15 minutes? (6 gallons is not the correct answer.) Thanks for any and all insight.

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Re: Volume and head pressure  
Re: Volume and head pressure  GJensen  Post Reply  Top of thread  Forum 
Posted by: zekeman ^{®} 08/28/2006, 11:20:49 Author Profile eMail author Edit 
Homework problem? I'll assume not
You have to start with a vessel area, A as large as practical to get the minimum vol. Next you assume the height x which is to be solved. First, you get the minimum height,xmin you need to deliver 0.4gpm or about .05ft3/minute or .000833ft3/sec. if the nozzle area is "a" vmin=.00083/a and from Bernouli xmin=vmin^2/2g=(.00083/.044/144)^2/2g=2.716^2/2g=.115 ft Now invoking d/dt(Ax)=av=a*sqrt(2gx) which says tha the rate of change of volume is the rate at which it is spewed out of the nozzles, and so (A/a)/sqrt(2g)*dx/sqrt(x)=dt Integrating both sides with the x limits of x to xmin, I get A/a/sqrt(2g){sqrt(x)sqrt(xmin}=t=15*60sec I'll let you solve this for x after assuming a value for A. The container volume is xA 
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Re: Volume and head pressure  
Re: Volume and head pressure  GJensen  Post Reply  Top of thread  Forum 
Posted by: Scooter ^{®} 08/22/2006, 11:26:01 Author Profile eMail author Edit 
I'm not sure volume & height are going to "keep" your flow at
a true .4GPM's. Height will give you Head Pressure, but as the Height decresses, so does Head Pressure. Is there some reason you can't just feed this nozzle from,,,like a 55 gal drum or some other container ? 
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Re: Re: Volume and head pressure  
Re: Re: Volume and head pressure  Scooter  Post Reply  Top of thread  Forum 
Posted by: GJensen ^{®} 08/22/2006, 12:47:51 Author Profile eMail author Edit 
KNOWN:
flow: Minimum 0.4gpm duration: 15 minutes min. total volume: (.4 X 15minutes)= 6 gallons Area of opening: .044 sq. in. (24 holes @ .0018 sq. in. each) Problem
The two nozzles each have 12 openings, totaling .044 sq. in. of area where fluid will dispense. Flow will obviously be higher when vessel is full but how much fluid is necessary to satisfy the 15 minute requirement. Thanks 
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Re: Re: Re: Volume and head pressure  
Re: Re: Re: Volume and head pressure  GJensen  Post Reply  Top of thread  Forum 
Posted by: ipajewsk ^{®} 08/23/2006, 12:19:48 Author Profile eMail author Edit 
First: Calculate the required velocity of the water flowing through the "nozzle". (.4 GPM)*(231in^3/gal)/[(60sec/min)*(.044in^2)] = 35in/sec Next, use Bernoulli's equation to find pressure needed to generate that flow.
Pressure = 1/2 x (.0361 lbm/in^3) x (35in/sec)^2
Now, that is the minimum pressure you must maintain for 15 minutes. Now, how much water you need to achieve that pressure is going to depend on the design of your tank. Its geometry will affect how fast your pressure head changes. That being said, I don't think that this flowrate is very reasonable for your nozzle size. You would need a static pressure head of 50 ft! Without using a pump, you will probably need to increase the size of your nozzles. Hope this helped! 
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Re: Re: Re: Volume and head pressure  
Re: Re: Re: Volume and head pressure  GJensen  Post Reply  Top of thread  Forum 
Posted by: Scooter ^{®} 08/22/2006, 13:49:59 Author Profile eMail author Edit 
Looks like we must first change sq. in's to Cub. in's.
To do this we must know the configuration of the nozzles. (round x length) (Sq. x length),etc. Then: Total area in Cub.In's divided into 1728 cub. in. per gal.
Then we can go from there. What do you think ? 
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