Related Resources: Systems Engineering

Systems Engineering Handbook, NASA

Manufacturing Process and Design
Design for Manufacturing and Assembly

NASA Systems Engineering Handbook
Steven R. Hirshorn
Chief Engineer
Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD)
Office of the Chief Engineer
297 Pages

Open: NASA Systems Engineering Handbook

Preface:

This handbook consists of six chapters: (1) an introduction, (2) a systems engineering fundamentals discussion, (3) the NASA program/project life cycles, (4) systems engineering processes to get from a concept to a design, (5) systems engineering processes to get from a design to a final product, and (6) crosscutting management processes in systems engineering. The chapters are supplemented by appendices that provide outlines, examples, and further information to illustrate topics in the chapters. The handbook makes extensive use of boxes and figures to define, refine, illustrate, and extend concepts in the chapters.

TOC

Preface. . viii
Acknowledgments. ix
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Purpose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.2 Scope and Depth. . . . . . . . . . . . 12.0
Fundamentals of Systems Engineering 32.1
The Common Technical Processes
and the SE Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . 52.2
An Overview of the SE Engine by
Project Phase. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82.3
Example of Using the SE Engine. . . . . 102.4
Distinctions between Product
Verification and Product Validation. . . . 112.5
Cost Effectiveness Considerations. . . . 112.6
Human Systems Integration (HSI)
in the SE Process. . . . . . . . . . . .122.7
Competency Model for Systems Engineers. . . . . . . . . . . . 133.0
NASA Program/Project Life Cycle 173.1
Program Formulation. . . . . . . . . . .203.2
Program Implementation. . . . . . . . .203.3
Project Pre-Phase A: Concept Studies. . 213.4
Project Phase A: Concept and
Technology Development. . . . . . . . .233.5
Project Phase B: Preliminary Design
and Technology Completion. . . . . . . 253.6
Project Phase C: Final Design and Fabrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273.7
Project Phase D: System Assembly, Integration and Test, Launch. . . . . . .293.8
Project Phase E: Operations and Sustainment.
Project Phase F: Closeout.
3.10 Funding: The Budget Cycle. . . . . . . .333.11
Tailoring and Customization of NPR 7123. .1
Requirements. . . . . . . .343.11.1
Introduction 343.11.2
Criteria for Tailoring 343.11.3
Tailoring SE NPR Requirements
Using the Compliance Matrix 353.11.4
Ways to Tailor a SE Requirement 363.11.5
Examples of Tailoring and Customization 373.11.6
Approvals for Tailoring 404.0 System Design Processes 434.1
Stakeholder Expectations Definition. . .454.1.1
Process Description 454.1.2
Stakeholder Expectations Definition Guidance 534.2
Technical Requirements Definition. . . .544.2.1
Process Description 544.2.2
Technical Requirements Definition Guidance 624.3
Logical Decomposition. . . . . . . . . .624.3.1
Process Description 624.3.2
Logical Decomposition Guidance 654.4
Design Solution Definition. . . . . . . .654.4.1
Process Description 664.4.2
Design Solution Definition Guidance 765.0
Product Realization 775.1
Product Implementation. . . . . . . . .785.1.1
Process Description 795.1.2
Product Implementation Guidance 835.2
Product Integration. . . . . . . . . . . .835.2.1
Process Description 855.2.2
Product Integration Guidance 885.3
Product Verification. . . . . . . . . . . .88
5.3.1 Process Description 895.3.2
Product Verification Guidance 995.4
Product Validation. . . . . . . . . . . .995.4.1
Process Description 995.4.2
Product Validation Guidance 1065.5
Product Transition. . . . . . . . . . . 1065.5.1
Process Description 1065.5.2
Product Transition Guidance 1126.0
Crosscutting Technical Management 1136.1
Technical Planning. . . . . . . . . . . . 113 6.1.1
Process Description 1146.1.2
Technical Planning Guidance 1306.2
Requirements Management. . . . . . 1306.2.1
Process Description 1316.2.2
Requirements Management Guidance 1356.3
Interface Management. . . . . . . . . 1356.3.1
Process Description 1366.3.2
Interface Management Guidance 1386.4
Technical Risk Management. . . . . . 1386.4.1
Risk Management Process Description 1416.4.2
Risk Management Process Guidance 1436.5
Configuration Management. . . . . . . 1436.5.1
Process Description 1446.5.2
CM Guidance 1506.6
Technical Data Management. . . . . . 1516.6.1
Process Description 1516.6.2
Technical Data Management Guidance 1556.7
Technical Assessment. . . . . . . . . 1556.7.1
Process Description 1576.7.2
Technical Assessment Guidance 1606.8
Decision Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . 1606.8.1
Process Description 1646.8.2
Decision Analysis Guidance 170
Appendix A Acronyms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Appendix B Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Appendix C
How to Write a Good Requirement— Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Appendix D Requirements Verification Matrix. . . . 201
Appendix E Creating the Validation Plan with a Validation Requirements Matrix. . . . . 203
Appendix F Functional, Timing, and State Analysis. 205
Appendix G Technology Assessment/Insertion. . . 206
Appendix H Integration Plan Outline. . . . . . . . . 214
Appendix I Verification and Validation Plan Outline. 216
Appendix J SEMP Content Outline. . . . . . . . . 223
Appendix K Technical Plans. . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Appendix L Interface Requirements Document
Outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
Appendix M CM Plan Outline. . . . . . . . . . . .239
Appendix N Guidance on Technical Peer
Reviews/Inspections. . . . . . . . . . 240
Appendix O Reserved. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Appendix P SOW Review Checklist. . . . . . . . . 242
Appendix Q Reserved. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Appendix R HSI Plan Content Outline. . . . . . . . 244
Appendix S Concept of Operations
Annotated Outline. . . . . . . . . . . 251
Appendix T Systems Engineering in Phase E. . . . 254
References Cited. 260Bibliography. 270

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