Beam Deflection and Stress Formula and Calculators Area Moment of Inertia Equations & Calculators
Structural Beam Deflection, Stress, Bending Equations and calculator for a Beam with Both Ends Overhanging Supports, Load at any Point Between.
Section Modulus Z
Z = I/z
I = Moment of inertia Cross Section : Units in^{4} (m^{4})
z = Distance neutral axis to extreme fiber: Units in (m)
General Stress
Stress at Load:
If crosssection is constant,
this is the maximum stress.
Open:
Stress at Load Beam Calculator
General Stress at any Given Point
Between supports:
For area length a,
Open: Stress Between Supports Length a Beam Calculator
For area of length b,
Open: Stress Between Supports Length b Beam Calculator
Beyond supports s = 0
Deflection at Critical Locations/Points
Deflection at any Point
Between supports for overhanging end of length c
Open: Deflection overhanging end of length c Beam Calculator
for overhanging end of length d
Open: Deflection overhanging end of length d Beam Calculator
Where:
E = 
Modulus of Elasticity 
psi 
(N/mm^{2)} 
I = 
Moment of Inertia 
in^{4} 
(mm^{4)} 
W = 
Load 
lbs 
(N) 
s = 
Stress at the crosssection being evaluated 
Lbs/in^{2} 
(N/mm^{2}) 
y = 
Deflection 
inches 
(mm) 
x = 
Some distance as indicated 
inches 
(mm) 
u = 
Some distance as indicated 
inches 
(mm) 
a, b, c & d = 
Some distance as indicated 
inches 
(mm) 
L = 
Some distance as indicated 
inches 
(mm) 
= 
Some distance as indicated 
inches 
(mm) 
Z = 
section modulus of the crosssection of the beam = I/z 
in^{3} 
(mm^{3)} 
z = 
distance from neutral axis to extreme fiber (edge) 
inches 
(mm) 
 Please note letter "" (lower case "L") is different than "I" (Moment of Inertia).
 Deflections apply only to constant cross sections along entire length.
References:
 Any Machinery's Handbook published since 1931 or,
 Machinery's Handbook, 21st Edition, Page 405 or,
 Machinery's Handbook, 23st Edition, Page 261 or,
 Machinery's Handbook, 27st Edition, Page 26
