Graphite Characteristics Review

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Graphite Characteristics Review

Graphite has a low friction coefficient and very high thermal stability (2000C [3632F] and above). However, practical application is limited to a range of 500 to 600C (932 to 1112F) due to oxidation. Furthermore, because graphite relies on adsorbed moisture or vapors to achieve low friction, use may be further limited. At temperatures as low as 100C (212F), the amount of water vapor adsorbed may be significantly reduced to the point that low friction cannot be maintained. In some instances sufficient vapors may be extracted from contaminants in the surrounding environment or may be deliberately introduced to maintain low friction. When necessary, additives composed of inorganic compounds may be added to enable use at temperatures to 550C ( 1022F). Another concern is that graphite promotes electrolysis. Graphite has a very noble potential of + 0.25V, which can lead to severe galvanic corrosion of copper alloys and stainless steels in saline waters.


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