Hydrodynamic or Fluid Film Lubrication General

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Hydrodynamic or Fluid Film Lubrication

In heavily loaded bearings such as thrust bearings and horizontal journal bearings, the fluid's viscosity alone is not sufficient to maintain a film between the moving surfaces. In these bearings higher fluid pressures are required to support the load until the fluid film is established. If this pressure is supplied by an outside source, it is called hydrostatic lubrication. If the pressure is generated internally, that is, within the bearing by dynamic action, it is referred to as hydrodynamic lubrication. In hydrodynamic lubrication, a fluid wedge is formed by the relative surface motion of the journals or the thrust runners over their respective bearing surfaces. The guide bearings of a vertical hydroelectric generator, if properly aligned, have little or no loading and will tend to operate in the center of the bearing because of the viscosity of the oil.

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