Viscosity and Characteristics of Synthetic and Petroleum Based Lubricants (Oils)

Lubrication Engineering & Design

Viscosity and Characteristcs of Synthetic and Petroleum Based Lubricants (Oils)

The major functions of a lubricant in a bearing application is to provide a fluid film at the interface; to convect the heat due to viscous dissipation; and to wet the surfaces during stops and starts when there is no full film at the interface. In a hydrodynamic bearing, the most important property in fulfilling the above functions is the viscosity. The level of generated hydrodynamic pressures and hence the load capacity, as well as all other performance characteristics such as temperatures, flow, power loss, etc., all depend very strongly on lubricant viscosity.

Viscosity and Characteristcs of Synthetic and Petroleum Based Lubricants (Oils)

The following charts and graphs are approximate.

Multiply
By
To obtain
Stokes (cm2 / sec)
Density (g/cm3)
Poises (gm/cm-sec)
Poises
100
Centipoises
Centistokes )
Density (g/cm3
Centipoises
Centipoises
1.45 x 107
Reynes (lb force-sec / in2)
Centipoises
2.42 x 109
(lb force-min/ in2)
Centipoises
5.6 x 105
(lb mass in-sec)
Reyns (lb forc-sec /m2)
6.895 x 103
Pascal-sec (N-sec/m2)
Centipoises
10-3
Pascal-sec (N-sec/m2)

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