Modulus of Elasticity, Young's Modulus For Common Engineering Materials Table

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The following chart gives ultimate strength, yield point and modulus of elasticity data for steel and iron.
Engineering Material

Modulus of Elasticity
Young's Modulus
Tensile Modulus
(E)

Ultimate Tensile
Strength
MPa
u)
Yield Strength
MPa
y)
x 106 psi
x GPa
-
1.45 - 3.15
40
-
A53 Seamless and Welded
Steel Pipe - Grade A
-
-
331
207
A53 Seamless and Welded
Steel Pipe - Grade B
-
-
414
241
A106 Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe
Grade A
-
-
400
248
A106 Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe
Grade B
-
-
483
345
-
-
483
276
A252 Piling Steel Pipe
Grade 1
-
-
345
207
A252 Piling Steel Pipe
Grade 2
-
-
414
241
A252 Piling Steel Pipe
Grade 3
-
-
455
310
A501 Hot Formed Carbon Steel
Structural Tubing - Grade A
-
-
400
248
A501 Hot Formed Carbon Steel
Structural Tubing - Grade B
-
-
483
345
A523 Cable Circuit Steel Piping
Grade A
-
-
331
207
A523 Cable Circuit Steel Piping
Grade B
-
-
414
241
A618 Hot-Formed
High-Strength Low-Alloy
Structural Tubing - Grade Ia & Ib
-
-
483
345
A618 Hot-Formed
High-Strength Low-Alloy
Structural Tubing - Grade II
-
-
414
345
A618 Hot-Formed
High-Strength Low-Alloy
Structural Tubing - Grade III
-
-
448
345
API 5L Line Pipe
-
-
310 - 1145
175 - 1048
Acetals
-
2.78
65
-
Acrylic
-
3.18
70
-
Aluminum Bronze
-
118
-
-
10.0
67
110
95
10.2
-
-
-
Antimony
11.3
-
-
-
Aramid
-
70 - 112
-
-
Beryllium (Be)
42
 
287
-
-
18.0
-
-
-
4.6
-
-
-
Bone, spongy
-
76
-
-
Boron
-
-
-
3100
-
102 - 125
250
-
-
100
-
-
Bronze
-
96 - 120
-
-
CAB
-
0.8
-
-
Cadmium
4.6
-
-
-
Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic
-
150
-
-
Carbon nanotube, single-walled
-
1000+
-
-
Cast Iron 4.5% C, ASTM A-48
-
-
170
-
Cellulose, cotton, wood pulp
-
-
80 - 240
-
Cellulose acetate, molded
-
-
12 - 58
-
Cellulose acetate, sheet
-
-
30 - 52
-
Cellulose nitrate, celluloid
-
-
50
-
Chlorinated polyether
-
1.1
39
-
Chlorinated PVC (CPVC)
-
2.9
-
-
Chromium
36
-
-
-
Cobalt
30
-
-
-
-
17
-
-
Concrete, High Strength
(compression)
-
30
40
(compression)
-
17
117
220
70
Diamond (C)
-
1220
-
-
-
13
50
(compression)
-
Epoxy resins
-
3-2
26 - 85
-
Fiberboard, Medium Density
-
4
-
-
Flax fiber
-
58
-
-
Glass
-
50 - 90
50
(comp.)
-
Glass reinforced polyester matrix
-
17
-
-
10.8
 
74
-
-
Granite
-
52
-
-
Graphene
-
1000
-
-
Grey Cast Iron
-
130
-
-
Hemp fiber
-
35
-
-
Inconel
31
-
-
-
Iridium
75
-
-
-
Iron
28.5
 
210
-
-
Lead
2.0
-
-
-
Magnesium metal (Mg)
6.4
45
-
-
Manganese
23
-
-
-
Marble
-
-
15
-
Medium-density fiberboard
-
4
-
-
Mercury
-
-
-
-
Molybdenum (Mo)
40
 
329
-
-
Monel Metal
26
-
-
-
Nickel
31
 
170
-
-
Nickel Silver
18.5
-
-
-
Nickel Steel
29
-
-
-
Niobium (Columbium)
15
-
-
-
-
2 - 4
45 - 90
45
Nylon-66
-
-
60 - 80
-
Oak Wood (along grain)
-
11
-
-
Osmium
80
 
550
-
-
Phenolic cast resins
-
-
33 - 59
-
Phenol-formaldehyde
molding compounds
-
-
45 - 52
-
Phosphor Bronze
-
116
-
-
Pine Wood (along grain)
-
9
40
-
Platinum
21.3
-
-
-
Plutonium
14
 
97
-
-
Polyacrylonitrile, fibers
-
-
200
-
Polybenzoxazole
-
3.5
-
-
Polycarbonates
-
2.6
52 - 62
-
Polyethylene HDPE (high density)
-
0.8
15
-
Polyethylene Terephthalate, PET
-
2 - 2.7
55
-
Polyamide
-
2.5
85
-
Polyisoprene, hard rubber
-
-
39
-
Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)
-
2.4 - 3.4
-
-
Polyimide aromatics
-
3.1
68
-
Polypropylene, PP
-
1.5 - 2
28 - 36
-
Polystyrene, PS
-
3 - 3.5
30 - 100
-
Polyethylene, LDPE (low density)
-
0.11 - 0.45
-
-
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
-
0.4
-
-
Polyurethane cast liquid
-
-
10 - 20
-
Polyurethane elastomer
-
-
29  - 55
-
Polyvinylchloride (PVC)
-
2.4 - 4.1
-
-
Potassium
-
-
-
-
Rhodium
42
-
-
-
Rubber, small strain
-
0.01 - 0.1
-
-
Sapphire
-
435
-
-
Selenium
8.4
-
-
-
Silicon
16
 
130 - 185
-
-
Silicon Carbide
-
450
-
3440
Silver
10.5
-
-
-
Sodium
-
-
-
-
Steel, High Strength Alloy
ASTM A-514
-
-
755
670
Steel, stainless AISI 302
-
184
850
506
Steel, Structural ASTM-A36
-
24
403
245
Tantalum
27
-
-
-
Polytetrafluoroethylene
(PTFE)
-
0.5
-
-
Thorium
8.5
-
-
-
Tin
-
47
-
-
Titanium
16
-
-
-
Titanium Alloy
-
105 - 120
900
730
Tooth enamel
-
83
-
-
Tungsten (W)
-
400 - 410
-
-
Tungsten Carbide (WC)
-
450 - 650
-
-
Uranium
24
 
170
-
-
Vanadium
19
-
-
-
Wrought Iron
-
190 - 210
-
-
Zinc
12
-
-
-

 

Material

 

Ultimate Strength Yield Point
X 1000/in2
Modulus of Elasticity

(T) Tension
X 1000/in2

Compression,
in terms of T

Shear in terms of T 

in Tension (E)
x 106 psi

in Shear,
in terms of E

Cast iron, grey, class 20 20a 3.6 T - 4.4 T 1.6 T ....... 11.6 0.40 E

class 25

25a

3.6 T - 4.4 T 1.4 T

.......

14.2

0.40 E

class 30

30a

3.6 T - 4.4 T

1.4 T

.......

14.5

0.40 E

class 35

35a

3.6 T - 4.4 T 1.4 T

.......

16.0

0.40 E

class 40

40a

3.6 T - 4.4 T

1.3 T

.......

17

0.40 E

class 50

50a

3.6 T - 4.4 T

1.3 T

.......

18

0.40 E

class 60

60a

2.8 T

1.O T

.......

19.9

0.40 E

Malleable

40 to 100

.......

.......

30 to 80

25

0.43 E

nodular (ductile iron)

60 to 120

.......

.......

40 to 90

23

......

Cast Steel, carbon

60 to 100

T

0.75 T

30 to 70

30

0.38 E

low alloy

70 to 200

T

0.75 T

45 to 170

30

0.38 E

Steel, SAE 950

66 to 70

T

0.75 T

45 to 50-

30

0.38 E

1025 (low carbon)

60 to 103

T

0.75 T

40 to 90

30

0.38 E

1045 (medium carbon)

80 to 182

T

0.75 T

50 to 162

30

0.38 E

1095 (high carbon)

90 to 213

T

0.75 T

20 to 150

30

0.38 E

1112 ( free cutting)

60 to 100

T

0.75 T

30 to 95

30

0.38 E

1212 ( free cutting)

57 to 80

T

0.75 T

25 to 72

30

0.38 E

1330 (alloy)

90 to 162

T

0.75 T

27 to 149

30

0.38 E

2517 (alloy)

88 to 190

T

0.75 T

60 to 155

30

0.38 E

3140 (alloy)

93 - 188

T

0.75 T

62 to 162

30

0.38 E

3310 (alloy)

104 to 172

T

0.75 T

56 to 142

30

0.38 E

4023 (alloy)

105 to 170

T

0.75 T

60 to 114

30

0.38 E

4130 (alloy)

81 to 179

T

0.75 T

46 to 161

30

0.38 E

4340 (alloy)

109 to 220

T

0.75 T

68 to 200

30

0.38 E

4640 (alloy)

98 to 192

T

0.75 T

62 to 169

30

0.38 E

4820 (alloy)

98 to 209

T

0.75 T

68 to 184

30

0.38 E

5150 (alloy)

98 to 210

T

0.75 T

51 to 190

30

0.38 E

52100 (alloy)

100 to 238

T

0.75 T

81 to 228 30

0.38 E

6150 (alloy)

96 to 228

T

0.75 T

59 to 210

30

0.38 E

8650 (alloy) 110 to 228 T 0.75 T 69 to 206 30 0.38 E
8740 (alloy) 100 to 179 T 0.75 T 60 to 165 30 0.38 E
9310 (alloy) 117 to 187 T 0.75 T 63 to 162 30 0.38 E
9840 (alloy) 120 to 285 T 0.75 T 45 to 50 30 0.38 E
Chrome Alloy 13 65 ksi
449 MPa
- 40 ksi
276 MPa
Steel Stainless, SAE
30302f 85 to 125 T ....... 35 to 95 28 0.45 E
30321f 85 to 95 T ....... 30 to 60 28 .......
30347f 90 to 100 T ....... 35 to 65 28 0.40 E
51420f 95 to 230 T ....... 50 to 195 29 .......
51430f 75 to 85 T ....... 40 to 70 29 .......
51446f 80 to 85 T ....... 50 to 70 29 .......
51501f 70 to 175 T ....... 30 to 135 29 .......
Structural Steel
Common 60 to 75 T 0.75 T 33 29 0.41 E
Rivet 52 to 62 T 0.75 T 28 29 .......
Rivet, high strength 68 to 82 T 0.75 T 38 29 .......
Wrought iron 34 to 54 T 0.75 T 23 to 32 28 .......

a - Minimum specified value of the American  Society of Testing Materials. References Cast irom, ASTM A48, structural steel fro bridges and structures, ASTM A7. Structural rivet steel , ASTM A141; high-strength structural rivet steel, ASTM A195 

Conversions

  • 1 Pa (N/m2 ) = 1x10-6 N/mm2 = 1.4504x10-4 psi
  •  1 MPa = 10 6 N/m2 = 0.145x10 3 psi (lb f /in2 ) = 0.145 ksi
  • 1 GPa = 10 9 N/m2 = 10 6 N/cm2 = 10 3 N/mm2 = 0.145x10 6 psi (lb f /in2 )
  • 1 psi (lb/in2 ) = 0.001 ksi = 144 psf (lb f /ft2 ) = 6,894.8 Pa (N/m2 ) = 6.895x10 -3 N/mm2

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