Metal Melting Temperatures

Engineering Materials

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a solid is the temperature at which a sustance changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure. At the melting point the solid and liquid phase exist in equilibrium. The melting point of a substance depends on pressure and is usually specified at standard pressure. When considered as the temperature of the reverse change from liquid to solid, it is referred to as the freezing point or crystallization point.

 

Metal Melting Point Temperature

Symbol

c° Celsius

F° Fahrenheit

Aluminum

Al

659

1218

Aluminum Alloy
 
463 - 671
865 - 1240
Aluminum Bronze
 
600 - 655
1190 - 1215
Antimony
 
630
1170
Beryllium
 
1280
2350
Beryllium Copper
 
865 - 955
1587 - 1750
Bismuth
 
271.0
520.0

Brass (85 Cu 15 Zn)

Cu+Zn

900-940

1652-1724

Brass, Red
 
1000
1832
Brass, Yellow
 
930
1710

Bronze (90 Cu 10 Sn)

Cu+Sn

850-1000

1562-832

Cadmium
 
321
610

Cast Iron

C+Si+Mn+Fe

1260

2300

Carbon

C

3600

6512

Chromium

Cr

1615 - 1860

3034 -3380

Cobalt
 
1495
2723

Copper

Cu

1083

1981

Cupronickel (Copper-Nickel Alloy)
 
1170 - 1240
2140 - 2260

Gold

Au

1063

1946

Hastelloy C
 
1320 - 1350
2410 - 2460

Hydrogen

H

-259

-434.2

Incoloy
 
1390 - 1425
2540 - 2600

Inconel

Ni+Cr+Fe

1393 - 1430

2540 - 2620

Iridium
 
2450
4440

Iron

Fe

1530

2786

Iron, Ductile
 
1149
2100
Iron, Gray Cast
 
1127 - 1204
2060 - 2200
Iron, Wrought
 
1482 - 1593
2700 - 2900
Iridium
 
2450
4440

Lead

Pb

327

621

Magnesium Alloy
 
349 - 649
660 - 1200

Magnesium

Mg

650 - 670

1200 - 1240

Manganese
 
1244 - 1260
2271 - 2300
Manganese bronze
 
865 - 890
1590 - 1630
Mercury
 
-38.86
-37.95
Molybdenum
 
2620
4750
Monel
 
1300 - 1350
2370 - 2460

Nickel

Ni

1452

2646

Niobium (Columbium)
 
2470
4473
Osmium
 
3025
5477
Palladium
 
1555
2831

Phosphorous

P

44

111

Platinum
 
1770
3220
Plutonium
 
640
1180
Potassium
 
63.3
146
Rhenium
 
3186
5767
Rhodium
 
1965
3569
Ruthenium
 
2482
4500
Selenium
 
217
423

Silicon

Si

1420

2588

Silver

Ag

961

1762

Silver, Sterling
 
893
1640
Sodium
 
97.83
208

Stainless Steel

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1363

2550

Steel, High Carbon

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1353

2500

Steel, Medium Carbon

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1427

2600

Steel, Low Carbon

Cr+Ni+Mn+C

1464

2700

Tantalum
 
2980
5400

Tin

Sn

232

448 - 450

Thorium
 
1750
3180

Titanium

Ti

1795

3263

Tungsten

W

3000

5432

Uranium
 
1132
2070
Vanadium
 
1900
3450

Zinc

Zn

419

786

Zirconium
 
1854
3369
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