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Kents Mechanical Engineering Handbook

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Kents Mechanical Engineering Handbook, Power Volume

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Mechanical Engineering Handbook

Preface excerpt

“Every engineer should make his own pocket-book, as he proceeds in study and practice, to suit his particular business.” The manuscript pocket-book thus begun, however, soon gave place to more modern means for disposing of the accumulation of engineering facts and figures, the index, the scrap-book, the collection of indexed envelopes, portfolios and boxes, the card catalogue, etc. Four years ago, at the request of the publishers, the labor was begun of selecting from this accumulated mass such matter as pertained to mechanical engineering, and of condensing, digesting, and arranging it in form for publication. In addition to this, a careful examination was made of the transactions of engineering societies, and of the most important recent works on mechanical engineering in order to fill gaps that might be left in the original collection, and insure that no important facts had been overlooked.

Some ideas have been kept in mind during the preparation of the pocket-book that will, it is believed, cause it to differ from other works of its class. In the first place it was considered that the field of mechanical engineering was so great, and the literature of the subject so vast, that as little space as possible should be given to subjects which especially belong to civil engineering.

Another idea prominently kept in view by the author has been that he would not assume the position of an “authority” in giving rules and formulae for designing, but only that of compiler, giving not only the name of the originator of the rule, where it was known, but also the volume and page from which it was taken, so that its derivation may be traced when desired. When different formulae for the same problem have been found they have been given in contrast, and in many cases examples have been calculated by each to show the difference between them. In some cases these differences are quite remarkable. Occasionally the study of these differences has led to the author's devising a new formula, in which case the derivation of the formula is given.

Much attention has been paid to the abstracting of data of experiments from recent periodical literature, and numerous references to other data are given. In this respect the present work will be found to differ from other pocket-books.

SECTION 1.

AIR Properties of Air mid of Mixtures of Air and Water Vapor 1-02 Flow of Air and Gases . .. . 1-10
Flow of Air in Pipes . . . 1-2 2
Compressed Air . . . 1-34
Fans and Blowers . . 1-57
Axial-flow Compressors . . . . . 1-96

SECTION 2. COMBUSTION AND FUELS

Combustion 2-02
Comparison of Fuels 2-12
Solid Fuels. 2-17
Liquid Fuels . .... 2-45
Gaseous Fuels . .... . 2-61
Gas Producers . 2-87
Properties of Combustion Gases . . 2-93

SECTION 3. HEAT AND HEAT EXCHANGE

Thermal Units and Properties 3-02
Heat Transmission 3-12
Heat Insulation . . 3-34
Engineering Thermodynamics . . . 3-50
Thermodynamics of Gases at High Velocity 3-03
Evaporators and Evaporation 3-71
Drying and Drying Machines . . 3-82

SECTION 4. STEAM, WATER, AND ICE

Steam-power Vessels . 4-02
Thermodynamic Properties of Steam, Water and , and Ice 4-20
Theoretical Steam Rate Tables . 4-41

SECTION 5. HYDRODYNAMICS, HYDRAULICS, AND PUMPS

Hydrodynamics 5-02
Hydraulics 5-09
Hydraulic Turbines 5-23
Pumps 5-49
Hydraulic Couplings. . 5-81

SECTION 6. PIPING

Steam Power Plant Piping 6-02
Stresses in Pipe Lines . 6-15
Pipe and Tubing 6-24
Valve and Fitting Data . 6-35
Flow of Fluids in Pipes 6-35
Pulverizers and Pulverized Coal 7-82
Fly-ash Collection 7-91

SECTION 8. STEAM TURBINES AND ENGINES

The Steam Turbine . . . ... 8-02
The Steam Engine .... . . 8-99

SECTION 9. CONDENSERS AND COOLING EQUIPMENT

Condensers . . 9-02
Cooling Equipment . .... 9-20

SECTION 10. COMBUSTION GAS TURBINES
Basic Thermodynamics 10-02
Gas Turbine Applications 10-04
Performance . ... .... 10-11
Gas Turbine Power Plants .... 10-22
Gas Turbine Components .... 10-31
Operation of Gas Turbines . .. . 10-45

SECTION 11. REFRIGERATION AND ICE MAKING

Refrigeration . 11-02
Ice Making .. ... 11-48

SECTION 12. HEATING, VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING

Heating 12-02
Panel Heating 12-57
Heat. Pumps .. 12-61
\conciliating .. . . 12-71
Air Conditioning 12-73

SECTION 13. INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES

Diesel Engines ... 13-02
Aircraft Piston Engines . .. . 13-40
Automobile Engines .... 13-55
Gas Engine Compressors . 13-55

SECTION 14. LAND TRANSPORTATION

Steam Engine Locomotives .... 14-02
Steam Turbine Locomotives . . . 14-24
Diesel Locomotives. . . . 14-29
Electric Locomotives . 14-46 Automotive Engineering . 14-61

SECTION 7. STEAM-GENERATING UNITS

The Steam Boiler .... . 7-03
Boiler Construction ... . . 7-10
Moisture, Superheaters, and Reheaters ... 7-19
Economizers, Air Preheaters, and Waste- heat Utilization 7-30
Pumping and Heating of Feedwater 7-41
Chemistry of Boiler Feedwater 7-50
Boiler Furnaces 7-63

SECTION 15. AIR AND MARINE TRANSPORTATION

Aircraft 15-02
Helicopters 15-24
Lighter-than-Air Craft . 15-26
Supersonics 15-28
Aircraft Engines 15-37
Jet Propulsion 15-37
Marine Engineering . 15-69

SECTION 16. ELECTRIC POWER

Basic Data 10-03 Power Sources. . . IB -09
Power Distribution . Short-circuit Current and Over current Protection 16-22
Power-factor Improvement . . . , 16-41
Substations 10-49
Switchgear 10-01
Transformers 10-00
Wire and Cable 16-73
Conversion Equipment 10-70
Power-supply Economics 10-84

SECTION 17. ATOMIC POWER SECTION 18. INSTRUMENTATION
Measurement of Process Variables. . . . 184)2
Automatic Control . , 18-23
Process Instrumentation . ... . 18-32

SECTION 19. POWER TEST CODES ASME

Codes . . 19-02
Instruments and Apparatus . . 19-04
Test Code Abstracts. .. . . 19-12

SECTION 20. MATHEMATICAL TABLES

Numbers . 20-02
Geometry 20-50
Trigonometry 20-62
Calculus 20-72

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