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Radiography (X-Ray) Non-Destructive Inspection Method (NDI)

Quality and Inspection Process Knowledge
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Radiography (x-ray) is an NDI method used to inspect material and components, using the concept of differential adsorption of penetrating radiation. Each specimen under evaluation will have differences in density, thickness, shapes, sizes, or absorption characteristics, thus absorbing different amounts of radiation. The unabsorbed radiation that passes through the part is recorded on film, fluorescent screens, or other radiation monitors. Indications of internal and external conditions will appear as variants of black/white/gray contrasts on exposed film, or variants of color on fluorescent screens. 

LIMITATIONS: Compared to other nondestructive methods of inspection, radiography is expensive. Relatively large costs and space allocations are required for a radiographic laboratory. Costs can be reduced considerably when portable x-ray or gamma-ray sources are used in film radiography and space is required only for film processing and interpretation. Operating costs can be high because sometimes as much as 60 percent of the total inspection time is spent in setting up for radiography. With real-time radiography, operating costs are usually much lower, because setup times are shorter and there are no extra costs for processing or interpretation of film.

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