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Exhaust and Intake Two Stroke Cycle Engine
At 82 ATDC, with the piston near the end of its power stroke, the exhaust cam begins to lift the exhaust valves follower. The valve lash is taken up, and 9 later (91 ATDC), the rocker arm forces the exhaust valve off its seat. The exhaust gasses start to escape into the exhaust manifold, as shown in Figure 21. Cylinder pressure starts to decrease.
After the piston travels three-quarters of its (down) stroke, or 132 ATDC of crankshaft rotation, the piston starts to uncover the inlet ports. As the exhaust valve is still open, the uncovering of the inlet ports lets the compressed fresh air enter the cylinder and helps cool the cylinder and scavenge the cylinder of the remaining exhaust gasses (Figure 22). Commonly, intake and exhaust occur over approximately 96 of crankshaft rotation.
At 43 ABDC, the camshaft starts to close the exhaust valve. At 53 ABDC (117 BTDC), the camshaft has rotated sufficiently to allow the spring pressure to close the exhaust valve. Also, as the piston travels past 48ABDC (5 after the exhaust valve starts closing), the intake ports are closed off by the piston.