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3D Printing with ABS Filament

3D Printing Design and Engineering
Plastics Engineering and Design

3D Printing with ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene)

Description: ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) thermoplastic 3d printing filament is a premium grade material, excellent for detailed and functional 3D printing applications. ABS is produced from fossil fuels, meaning that it is not biodegradable as would be PLA. Use ABS for outdoor environment applications.

ABS 3D printer filament,

  • Printing temperature 220­ to 245°C,
  • Heated bed capable printer recommended 80° to 110°C,
  • Tear strength 124 MPa ­ sample average value,
  • Thermal Conductivity 0.1 W/(mK)
  • Density (ρ) 0.9 g/cm3 – 1.53 g/cm3 : median 1.07 g/cm3
  • Relative elongation 15% ­ sample average value,
  • Solubility the product reacts with water (a slow and long­term process) Scent nearly odorless ,
  • Physical state solid Stability stable under normal conditions ,
  • Toxicity: Toxic to humans and animals ,
  • Filament diameter standards are 1.75mm or 2.90mm
  • Acids - concentrated Good,
  • Acids - dilute Excellent,
  • Alcohols - Poor,
  • Alkalis - Excellent,
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons - Poor,
  • Halogenated hydrocarbons, poor
  • Other: ABS dissolves in the presence of Acetone,

Engineers Edge General 3D Printing Recommendations:

** ABS should be printed within an enclosed printer environment **

Normal Printing Quality:

  • Print Speed: 45 mm/sec
  • Printing Temperature: 245° C
  • Bed Temperature: 95 ° C
  • Ambient Printer Temperature: 24 - 27° C
  • Layer Height: 0.22 mm
  • Shell Thickness: 1.0 mm
  • Bottom/Top Layer Thickness: 1.1 mm
  • Fill Density: 20% Diamond

High Printing Quality:

  • Print Speed: 45 mm/sec
  • Printing Temperature: 245° C
  • Bed Temperature: 95 ° C
  • Ambient Printer Temperature: 24 - 27° C
  • Layer Height: 0.18 mm
  • Shell Thickness: 1.0 mm
  • Bottom/Top Layer Thickness: 1.08 mm
  • Fill Density: 20% Diamond

Fast Printing Low Quality:

  • Print Speed: 45 mm/sec
  • Printing Temperature: 245° C
  • Bed Temperature: 95 ° C
  • Ambient Printer Temperature: 24 - 27° C
  • Layer Height: 0.35 mm
  • Shell Thickness: 1.0 mm
  • Bottom/Top Layer Thickness: 1.05 mm
  • Fill Density: 20% Diamond

General Usage ABS is a very popular and commonly used engineering thermoplastic throughout industry because of its toughness, strength, material capatability and resistance to moderate temperature changes. ABS prints with good flow and is resistance to corrosion and abrasion. ABS filament printing should be used in a well ventilated area. To minimize the high liquid to solid distorsions during printing it is recommended that a printer with a heated print bed be used. Generally the printer bed temperature should be set at approximately 80° to 110°C and a cooling fan not be used during printing.

A good first layer adhesion is required to ensure that the printed object does move or distort during printing. Printer bed adhension can be achieved by using a printer with a PEI print surface or addon sheets, PET sheets or tape, Kapton tape or a thin layer of ABS cement. For ABS cement consider using a non-color filament within your cement mix to minimize color tranfer between the adhesion glue and your end item print. Other printer bed adhension materials include a PVA based glue such as Elmers, Scotch, , Lineco, etc..

PVA (vinyl acetate): commonly referred to as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, Elmer's glue in the US, or PVA glue ) is an aliphatic rubbery synthetic polymer with the formula (C4H6O2)n.

ABS Filament Storage: Store in a dry, clean place below 50ºC. Protect from dust preferably within resealable plastic bag or box along with the included silica packet with the intenet to keep the filament dry and free from any foriegn contamination. Also, see: Storing ABS and PLA Filament Engineers Edge

Precaustions: The printer should be positioned in a well­ventilated area. Be careful when preparing the filament for printing and during work. Risk of burns through melted filament.

FIRST AID MEASURES

  • Eye contact: Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Call a physician immediately.
  • Skin contact: Rinse immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. If skin irritation persists, call a physician. Cool skin rapidly with cold water after contact with hot polymer.
  • Inhalation: Move to fresh air. Call a physician immediately.
  • Ingestion: Drink water as a precaution. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Do not induce vomiting without medical advice.
  • Call a physician immediately
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