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NCP1351 Inductor Calculator Spreadsheet

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The NCP1351 is a current-mode controller targeting low power off-line flyback Switched Mode Power Supplies (SMPS) where cost is of utmost importance. Based on a fixed peak current technique (quasi-fixed TON), the controller decreases its switching frequency as the load becomes lighter. As a result, a power supply using the NCP1351 naturally offers excellent no-load power consumption, while optimizing the efficiency in other loading conditions. When the frequency decreases, the peak current is gradually reduced down to approximately 30% of the maximum peak current to prevent transformer mechanical resonance. The risk of acoustic noise is thus greatly diminished while keeping good standby power performance.

An externally adjustable timer permanently monitors the feedback activity and protects the supply in presence of a short-circuit or an overload. Once the timer elapses, NCP1351 stops switching and stays latched for version A, and tries to restart for version B.

Versions C and D include a dual overcurrent protection trip point, allowing the implementation of the controller in peak-power requirements applications such as printers and so on. When the fault is acknowledged, C version latches-off whereas D version auto-recovers.

The internal structure features an optimized arrangement which allows one of the lowest available startup current, a fundamental parameter when designing low standby power supplies.

The negative current sensing technique minimizes the impact of the switching noise on the controller operation and offers the user to select the maximum peak voltage across his current sense resistor. Its power dissipation can thus be application optimized.

Finally, the bulk input ripple ensures a natural frequency smearing which smooths the EMI signature.

Features

  • Quasi-fixed TON, Variable TOFF Current Mode Control
  • Extremely Low Current Consumption at Startup
  • Peak Current Compression Reduces Transformer Noise
  • Primary or Secondary Side Regulation
  • Dedicated Latch Input for OTP, OVP
  • Programmable Current Sense Resistor Peak Voltage
  • Natural Frequency Dithering for Improved EMI Signature
  • Easy External Over Power Protection (OPP)
  • Undervoltage Lockout
  • Very Low Standby Power via Off-time Expansion
  • SOIC-8 Package
  • Standard Overcurrent Protection, Latched or Auto-Recovery, A & B Versions
  • Dual Trip Point Overcurrent Protection, Latched or Auto-Recovery, C & D Versions
  • These are Pb-Free Devices

Typical Applications

  • Auxiliary Power Supply
  • Printer, Game Stations, Low-Cost Adapters
  • Off-line Battery Charger
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